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Which is real–Science or God?

May 13, AD2014 6 Comments

“Alice laughed. ‘There’s no use trying,’ she said. ‘One can’t believe impossible things.‘ I daresay you haven’t had much practice,’ said the Queen. ‘When I was your age, I always did it for half-an-hour a day. Why, sometimes I’ve believed as many as six impossible things before breakfast.” Lewis Carroll, Through the Looking Glass

” The absence of a scientific proof for God is more indicative of the limits
of science than the lack of a deity. . . .”
 Michael Asher, Evolution and Belief: Confessions of a Religious Paleontologist.

I’ve wondered, since my conversion, why some found it so much harder to believe in God than in Science. When I was younger in college, I took the pronouncements of  my teachers–Nobel Prize winners* and graduate students–as holy writ (although I didn’t know then what holy writ was). In laboratories we repeated famous experiments, Galileo’s inclined plane,  Millikan’s charge/mass ratio, Morgan’s experiments with fruit flies (what a headache from the ether, picking out anesthetized flies), etc…

As physics and chemistry became more sophisticated–quantum mechanics and electrodynamics–the experiments, the thesis work verified H psi = E psi, Maxwell’s equations, and the Second Law.  But very few atheists and agnostics–journalists and politicians for the most part–have had this experience. Nevertheless, they believe what “scientists” tell them about the world as an article of faith, not justified by what they themselves have done or perceived.

It was only until after retirement that I started looking into the philosophical foundations of science and its various disciplines that I realized that there is a contingent of philosophers–”anti-realists”, “constructivists”, “empiricists”–who question whether there is a reality that lies behind science.   Their arguments make sense, but more of that in a later article.

I assert that the vast majority of people put a faith in science that is much less justified than a faith in God. In a previous article (Top Down to Jesus) I’ve argued that a rational, historical approach will justify a faith in the Resurrection and in the Divinity of Our Lord. Moreover, the subjective experiences we ourselves have had and that have been related to us, the tested accounts of miracles, are as good evidence for the existence of God as  are accounts of  scattering experiments for the existence of the Higgs boson.

The best account of the uncritical atheistic foundational belief system has been given in a excellent review by Michael Potemra (see NRO, “The Corner”, April 28,2012)  of a new book by a noted paleontologist, Michael Asher: Evolution and Belief: Confessions of a Religious Paleontologist.    I can add very little to Potemra’s review, but I would like to repeat his quote from the book, because it expresses my attitude about science and religion to a T:

“The absence of a scientific proof for God is more indicative of the limits
of science than the lack of a
deity
(emphasis added). . . Evolutionary biology is not
about the origin of life or the existence of God.
It is about how living things are interconnected through a specific,
natural mechanism, one which we can understand through the fossil
record, individual development, and molecular biology.”
Asher

and

“it is rational to believe that an entity beyond our comprehension was the
agency by which something was derived from nothing at the beginning of
time. . . . Although I acknowledge my belief to be non-scientific, it is
entirely rational. Science is a subset of rationality; the former has a
narrower scope than the latter. To ignore rationality when it does fall
beyond the scientific enterprise would be an injustice to both reason
and humanity.”  
Michael Asher

Most people aren’t aware of the distinction between science and other rational enterprises–science requires theory (usually mathematical and linked to other theories, more basic and fundamental), confirmed or falsified by observation/reproducible experiment.

Because faith in God is not quantifiable, the atheists classify it as one of the White Queen’s “Six impossible things before breakfast”. That’s hokum! Many rational beliefs cannot be assessed numerically.

It is science itself that is limited in that science, in its best and purest practice, is restricted to those tests that can be verified by quantitative measurements. It is faith in God that is most easily tested by the person, in his own experience and by historical evidence.

*The graduate students were usually better teachers if not always as spectacular as the the Nobel Prize winners: Pauling, Delbruck, Feynman, Schwinger, Purcell, Van Vleck

Filed in: Faith, Science • Tags: , , ,

About the Author:

Retired, cranky, old physicist. Convert to Catholicism in 1995. Trying to show that there is no contradiction between what science tells us about the world and our Catholic faith. Intermittent blogs at Rational Catholic and adult education classes here to achieve this end. Extraordinary Minister of Communion volunteer to federal prison and hospital; lector, EOMC. Sometime player of bass clarinet, alto clarinet, clarinet, bass, tenor bowed psaltery for parish instrumental group and local folk group. And, finally, my motivation: “It is also necessary—may God grant it!—that in providing others with books to read I myself should make progress, and that in trying to answer their questions I myself should find what I am seeking. Therefore at the command of God our Lord and with his help, I have undertaken not so much to discourse with authority on matters known to me as to know them better by discoursing devoutly of them.” St. Augustine of Hippo, The Trinity I,8.

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  • james

    ” It is faith in God that is most easily tested by the person, in his own experience and by historical evidence.”
    And herein lies the atheists dilemma – faith is a gift. So how does one convince one
    who is not so blessed ? You don’t.

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  • Guy McClung

    James-Yes, you do. You be God’s conduit for His faith to be given to the atheist. You provide the conduit by treating the atheist the way Jesus treated the centurion at the foot of the cross, the good thief hanging next to him, and all those who came to Him for healing. Acting upon your own personal gift of faith, you give of yourself in love to the atheist, you let him or her experience your love which is truly Christ’s love, and that love, that giving, can open the atheist up to receive the gift of faith. Odds are Jesus will not appear personally to the atheist-but He will appear thru you. Guy Mcclung, San Antonio

    • james

      Yes, what you said is a given. Good clarification. Thanks

  • Guy McClung

    to paraphrase CS Lewis on boring people: Jesus will say “when you did to one of these the least of my atheists, you did it to Me.”